Greek philosopher, student of Socrates,
mentor of Aristotle
Plato: "Be kind, for everyone you meet is fighting a hard battle."
Plato: "Beauty of style and harmony and grace ... depend on ... a rightly
and nobly ordered character."
Plato: "You cannot conceive The Many without The One."
Plato: "As a young man I reflected a lot about how society could be improved ... but I refrained from action."
C.G. Jung: "[Plato] is one of those who have come closest to the truth."
Carl Gustav Jung
Psychiatrist, author of 'Psychological Types',
student of Freud, mentor of Von Franz
Jung: "As far as we can discern, the sole purpose of human existence is to kindle a light in the darkness of mere being."
Jung: "The creation of something new is not accomplished by the
intellect but ... from inner necessity."
Jung: "Women are far more 'psychological' than men, who are usually satisfied with logic alone."
Jung: "The intellectually detached classifying point of view is just the thing to be avoided."
Sigmund Freud [in a personal letter to Jung:] "I have always felt that there is
something about my personality ... that people find ... repelling whereas all hearts open to you."
Physicist, mentor of Heisenberg
Bohr: "Every valuable human being must [aim] to make things better than they are."
must [turn to those] problems with which already thinkers like Buddha and Lao Tzu have been confronted,
when trying to harmonize our position as spectators and actors in the great drama of existence."
Bohr: "When it comes to atoms, language can be used only as in poetry. The poet, too, is not nearly so
concerned with describing facts as with creating images."
Bohr: "[We must take a] stand for an open world, with unhampered
opportunities for common enlightenment and mutual understanding."
Bohr: "How wonderful that we have met with a paradox. Now we
have some hope of making progress."
"Contraria sunt complementa."
("Opposites are complementary.")
Campaigner for the independence of India
Gandhi: "My life is an indivisible whole, and all my activities run into one another; and
they all have their rise in my insatiable love of mankind."
Gandhi: "I pride myself on my yielding nature in non-vital matters."
Gandhi: "I am indeed a practical dreamer. ... I want to convert my dreams into realities as far as possible."
Gandhi: "George Washington [was] a misguided patriot."
Gandhi: "[I believe] as much in racial purity as [Hitler] does."
Gandhi: "Unfortunately, I am no superman like Mussolini."
Keirsey & son identify Gandhi as INFJ.
U.S. President and author of the Declaration of Independence
Jefferson: "In stating rules for our government, I must not omit the important
one of never entering into argument with another. I never saw an instance of disputants convincing each other by argument."
Jefferson: "Delay is preferable to error."
Jefferson: "Self-love ... is the sole antagonist of virtue, leading us constantly [towards]
self-gratification in violation of our moral duties to others."
Richard Brookhiser: "There was a too-good-for-this-world streak
in Jefferson's character that showed itself in many ways, from his mountaintop
house, to his dislike of face-to-face argument."
[At a White House dinner honoring Nobel Prize winners:]
John F. Kennedy: "I think this is the most extraordinary
collection of talent, of human knowledge, that has ever been gathered together at the White House, with the
possible exception of when Thomas Jefferson dined alone."
U.S. President (R)
Coolidge: "The common brotherhood of man, the highest law of all
our being, has united us by inseparable bonds with all humanity."
Coolidge: "Men do not make laws. They do but discover them. Laws must be
justified by something more than the will of the majority. They must rest on the eternal foundation of righteousness."
Coolidge: "[We Americans] want wealth, but there are many other
things we want. We want peace and honor, and that charity which is so strong an element of all
civilization. The chief ideal of the American people is idealism. I cannot repeat too often that
America is a nation of idealists."
Kelley L. Ross: "[Coolidge] had a
Jeffersonian sense of government [and] exercised Constitutional government."
Dean Oltman: "[Coolidge was] warm and sentimental, but with a public persona which would hardly suggest it."
Keirsey & son identify Coolidge as STJ.
The American Psychological Association identifies Coolidge as an introvert.
U.S. Congressman (R) and presidential candidate
Paul: "We have allowed our nation to deteriorate. The founders would be ashamed of us for what we are putting up with."
Paul: "The crisis demands an intellectual revolution."
Paul: "The definition of liberty I use is the same [as that of]
Paul: "Ayn Rand contributed tremendously [to
the libertarian cause], but she was much more militant than I."
Paul: "What we need is to return to the principles of the constitution."
Slate Magazine: "Mitt Romney,
Rick Santorum, and Newt Gingrich
are constantly on alert for hecklers. Nobody seems to heckle Ron Paul; perhaps it's unconstitutional."
U.S. President (D)
Wilson: "Power consists in one's capacity to link his will with the purpose of others, to lead by reason
and a gift of cooperation."
Wilson: "My constant embarrassment is to restrain the emotions that are inside of me."
Wilson: "Money cannot be made except
by the most vulgar methods. The studious man is pronounced impractical and is suspected as a visionary."
Herbert Hoover: "He was more than just an idealist; he was the personification of the heritage of
idealism of the American people. He brought spiritual concepts to the peace table."
Steven J. Rubenzer: "Wilson is remembered as visionary, a man ahead of his time, whose dream did see
eventual fulfillment in the United Nations."
Myers identifies Wilson as I-TP.
Keirsey & son identify Wilson as STJ.
The American Psychological Association identifies Wilson as an introvert.
More quotes on Wilson
Wollstonecraft: "I am a strange compound of weakness and resolution!"
Wollstonecraft: "In how many ways do I wish, from the purest benevolence, to impress [my] truth on [the world]."
Wollstonecraft: "[People] of sensibility doubt whether the expansion of intellect produces
a greater portion of happiness or misery."
Wollstonecraft: "Rousseau celebrates barbarism. ... Had he
mounted one step higher in his investigation ... [he would have] contemplated the perfection of man in ...
true civilization, instead of taking his ferocious flight back to the night of sensual ignorance."
Camilla Jebb: "She was a woman singularly original in thought and noble in character."
Simone de Beauvoir
Philosopher, dated Jean-Paul Sartre
Beauvoir: "It is the fate of women always to be secondary. To be the second sex."
Beauvoir: "One's life has value so long as one attributes value to the life of others."
Beauvoir: "For me the most important thing [is] to ... shape minds and souls."
Beauvoir: "At every moment ... the truth comes to light; the truth of life and death, of
my solitude and my bond with the world, of my freedom and my servitude, of the insignificance and the sovereign
importance of each man and all men. ... [We must accept] our fundamental ambiguity."
Camille Paglia: "De Beauvoir's 'The Second Sex'
Philosopher, student of Bertrand Russell,
cousin of Friedrich Hayek
Wittgenstein: "Death is not an event in life: we do not live to experience
Wittgenstein: "If we take eternity to mean ... timelessness, then eternal life belongs to those who live in the present.
Our life has no end."
Wittgenstein: "One of the most misleading representational techniques in our language is the use of the word 'I'."
Bertrand Russell: "The most perfect example I have known of
genius [was Wittgenstein]: passionate, profound, intense."
Kelley L. Ross: "[Wittgenstein's] 'Tractatus'
consists of aphoristic, even Delphic, statements with little argument or exposition. This would
seem to be a reversion to an earlier, pre-Parmenidean era of philosophy."
Atheist campaigner and author
Harris: "Consider it: every person you have ever met ... is going to ... lose everything
they love in this world. Why would one want to be anything but kind to them in the meantime?"
Harris: "I'm worried about living in a world where the only
people who are certain of moral truth are religious demagogues."
Harris: "With friends like [Richard Dawkins, Daniel Dennett,
A.C. Grayling, Christopher Hitchens, and Steven Pinker] it has become
increasingly difficult to say something stupid."
Harris: "Bin Laden is giving a very plausible
interpretation of Islam. He's not the Reverend Jim Jones of the Muslim world."
Spinoza: "Man’s highest good is common to all."
Spinoza: "I submit that the world would be much happier, if men were as fully able to keep
silence as they are to speak. Men can govern anything [except] their tongue."
Spinoza: "Peace is not an absence of war, it is ... a state of mind, a disposition for benevolence."
Spinoza: "I have labored carefully, not to mock or lament ... but to understand human actions."
Einstein: "How much do I love [Spinoza] ... more than I could
tell with words."
Gilles Deleuze: "Spinoza is very very good-natured ... and doesn't
think at all like a rationalist."
Bertrand Russell: "Spinoza is the noblest and most lovable of the
great philosophers. Intellectually, some others have surpassed him, but ethically he is supreme."
Kelley L. Ross: "[Jefferson and Spinoza]
honored the same rationalized, secularized, and impersonal Deity."
Nietzsche: "I am utterly amazed, utterly enchanted! I have a precursor,
and what a precursor! I hardly knew Spinoza."
Schopenhauer: "There is an underlying unity in all things."
Schopenhauer: "It is only a man's own thoughts that he really and completely
understands. To read the thoughts of others is like ... putting on the discarded clothes of a stranger."
Schopenhauer: "The wicked and fraudulent dominate the sphere of action."
Schopenhauer: "Hegel was a wind-bag and a charlatan."
[Personal letter from his mother:] "What repels me
does not lie in your heart ... it is your ideas, your judgments ... your oracular tone."
C.G. Jung: "[Schopenhauer] was the first to speak of the
suffering of the world, which visibly and glaringly surrounds us. ... Here at last was a philosopher who
had the courage to see."
Ernst Hanfstaegl: "Schopenhauer [had an] almost Buddhist gentleness."
Irvin D. Yalom: "Already as a teenager [Schopenhauer could] distance
himself and view things from a cosmic perspective."
Hermann Rollett: "Schopenhauer displays an introverted nature." [Upon meeting Schopenhauer in 1864.]
Philosopher and author of 'A Theory of Justice'
Rawls: "The sense of justice is continuous with the love of mankind."
Rawls: "To love another means not only to be concerned for his wants and needs, but to affirm his sense of
the worth of his own person."
[A colleague:] "He had a much more developed moral and social instinct than most people - much more tact."
The Guardian: "It is notable that in a field dominated by men, many of Rawls's most eminent students were women."
The Guardian: "[He was] a complex and, in some sense, a troubled man, who, although not a believer ... retained
an essentially religious outlook - he had a profound sense of 'there but for the grace of God go I.'"
Linguist and left-wing commentator, mentor of Steven Pinker
Chomsky: "If you quietly accept and go along no matter what
your feelings are, ultimately you internalize what you're saying."
Chomsky: "We might ask ourselves how we would be reacting if Iraqi
commandos landed at Bush's compound, assassinated him, and dumped his body in the Atlantic."
Raziel Abelson: "Chomsky's morally impassioned ... denunciation of American aggression
... is the most moving political document I have read since ... Trotsky."
Osama bin Laden: "Chomsky is amongst the
greatest [thinkers] of the West."
Chomsky: "Foucault ... the man has no moral center."
Roman philosopher and Emperor, author of 'The Meditations'
Aurelius: "Constantly regard the universe as one living being, having one substance and one soul."
Aurelius: "When you are wronged, consider the viewpoint of the wrongdoer, and feel sorry for mankind."
Aurelius: "You are a little soul that is dragging around a corpse."
Edward Gibbon: "The virtue of Marcus Aurelius
was severe and labourious. It ... taught him to submit his body to his mind."
Keirsey & son identify Aurelius as NT.
Poet and author of 'The Divine Comedy'
Dante: "Consider your origins; you were not meant to live as brutes, but to follow virtue and knowledge.
... Follow your own star."
Dante: "Halfway through the journey [of life] we begin to live."
Dante: "You shall leave everything you love most: You are to know the bitter
taste of others' bread, how salty it is, and know how hard a path it is for one who goes ascending others' stairs."
Napoleon: "I am envious for my dear France, that
she has never produced a rival to Dante; that this Colossus has not had his equal among us."
C.G. Jung: "Dante got his ideas from the same archetypes [that I did]."
Author of 'Crime and Punishment'
Dostoevsky: "I have seen the truth; I have seen and I know that people can be
beautiful and happy. ... I will not and cannot believe that evil is the normal condition of mankind."
Dostoevsky: "Nothing in this world is harder than speaking
the truth, nothing easier than flattery."
Nietzsche: "The only person who ever taught me
anything about psychology was Dostoevsky."
Victoria Ocampo: "'[Jung's] 'Psychological Types' stirred me as deeply as
[Dostoevsky's] 'Brothers Karamazov.'"
Ann Coulter: "Dostoevsky is my favourite author!
He teaches us how to be Christians."
Joseph Goebbels: "Dostoevsky is ahead of his time -
a few daring steps. You follow him, dizzying, fearful, incredulous; but you follow. He won't let
loose, you have to follow."
Soviet dissident and author
Solzhenitsyn: "Justice is conscience. Not a personal conscience but the conscience of the whole of humanity."
Solzhenitsyn: "It is painful to see how [artists] retire into [their] self-made worlds. ...
[They] surrender the real world into the hands of men who are mercenary ... if not insane."
New York Times: "His stubborn, lonely and combative literary struggles gained the force of prophecy."
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Hitler: "I believe that those who knew me [in my youth] took me for an eccentric."
Hitler: "I do not know what horrified me most [during the depression]: the
economic misery of my companions [or] their moral and ethical coarseness."
Ernst Hanfstaegl: "With Hitler it was all floating, without roots, intangible and mediumistic."
Alfred Jodl: "Hitler [had an] excess of imagination, which very frequently foresaw what
would happen but also very often went astray."
Erich von Manstein: "The [chief] characteristic of Hitler's
leadership [was] his over-estimation of the power of the will. [To win the war] this will had only to
be translated into faith down to the youngest private soldier."
Journal of Individual Differences: "Five academic Hitler historians [were asked to rate
Hitler and] all five raters saw him as a strong introvert."
Supreme Leader of Iran
Khomeini: "[There is a] mystical path that one must walk if one is to become
the Perfect Man [who will] guide society toward perfection through right policies and a government of absolute justice."
Khomeini: "Plato was known for the [same] Oneness and divine wisdom that influenced me."
Michel Foucault: "[Khomeini has] a mythical dimension
and mysterious link with the people. [He is] is not a politician, but an almost mythical personality."
Saddam Hussein: "Ah, the mummy!"
Osama bin Laden
Founder and leader of al-Qaeda
Bin Laden: "A man with human feelings in his heart does not
distinguish between a child killed in Palestine or in Lebanon, in Iraq or in
Bosnia. So how can we believe your claims ... while you kill our children in all of those places?"
Bin Laden: "When people see a strong horse and a weak horse, they will
naturally want to side with the strong horse. When people of the world look upon the confusion
and atheism of the West, they see that Islam is the strong horse."
Bin Laden: "[The American system] sacrifices soldiers and populations
to achieve the interests of the major corporations."
Gabriele Romagnoli: "We should give him credit for only one thing: unlike other vile tyrants,
he did not live in golden palaces, but avoided them."
Thomas R. Mockaitis: "Friends and teachers remember [bin Laden] as being introverted [and]
courteous. Far from being inherently violent, he ... avoided confrontation."
Barack Obama: "Most Indonesians
had a higher opinion of Osama bin Laden than they did of George W. Bush."
Clive James: "Osama bin Laden has several of Trotsky's characteristics.
... Above all, he can inspire the young to dedicate their lives to an ideal."
Dictator of Zimbabwe
Mugabe: "I urge you ... to join me in a new pledge to forget our grim past,
forgive others and forget, join hands in a new amity, together."
Mugabe: "Bush rode roughshod over the U.N. and international
opinion. ... Yet he dares lecture [the world] on tyranny. ... He should mend his ways before he clambers up the pulpit
to deliver pieties of democracy."
Heidi Holland: "An introspective child ... he began to adopt a lofty attitude
towards his siblings and fellow students."
[Childhood priest:] "[He had] unusual gravitas ... an exceptional mind and an exceptional heart."
Oskar Wermter: "You still hear [his apologists] ... saying in response to an outrage
obviously committed by Mugabe, 'Oh, but the president couldn't have known.' I find it incredible that
people still believe in him after all he has done."
Revolutionary and Soviet Commissar
Trotsky: "My life was rather full of 'adventures.' However, by natural inclination,
I have nothing in common with seekers after adventure. ... I like and appreciate discipline and system."
Trotsky: "[Watching the workmen where I grew up] I had an intense realization of the
complicated mechanics of their relations."
Trotsky: "[My upbringing] revealed to me the natural coarseness of many aspects of human relationships."
Trotsky: "The feeling of the supremacy of general over particular [and] of theory over personal
experience took root in my mind at an early age and gained increasing strength as the years advanced."
Trotsky: "[My] social-revolutionary radicalism ... has become the ... pivot for my
whole inner life. [It] grew out of [my] intellectual enmity toward the striving for petty ends [and] pragmatism."
Harold Bloom: "Trotsky was a great, though murderous,
human being [and] a remarkable writer."
Leader of Nationalist China
Chiang: "[We must] strive to make [China] a lighthouse for mankind. ... To advance peace and happiness for all mankind. ... [We do so with] the great moral ideas our people possess."
Chiang: "We must all be of one mind. ... Victory or defeat depends on
the spirit shown."
Chiang: "If you sympathize with [civilians] in their sufferings, and share in
their joys and sorrows, then soldiers and civilians will form a closely knit body, and the civilians will naturally be glad to
help. There will be no cause for traitors to spring up, and the enemy will meet with defeat everywhere."
Jay Taylor: "Chiang was shy but emotional. ... He thought of himself as moral [and] sincere...
and he was motivated ... by a vision of a unified ... China."
New York Times: "To the world, Chiang ... bespoke resoluteness and determination. His asceticism and personal
austerity seemed to befit a man of dedication to [an] ideal."
Leader of the 9/11 terrorist group
[To the other hijackers:]
Atta: "Tame your soul, purify it, convince it, make it understand, and incite it."
[College classmate:] "Mohamed was an incredible human being. ... He could not have a black spot in
his character. He was so solid and pure, good to the roots."
Time Magazine: "The overriding impression is one of a reserved and gentle man driven by a fierce moral code."
Matthias Frinken: "He was very critical of capitalistic, Western development."
[His father:] "In his behavior, my son was almost like an angel. He is like a virgin girl
in his politeness and shyness. Growing up he never got into mischief [and] he was soft-spoken."
9/11 Commission Report: "Atta's friends ... remember him as charismatic, intelligent, and persuasive,
albeit intolerant of dissent."
9/11 Commission Report: "Bin Laden [personally] chose [Atta] to lead the
Lars von Trier
Von Trier: "My contact with actresses is better [than with actors]. ... My [female] main
characters are built on my own person. I think women are better, more understanding. This is my female side."
Von Trier: "I take a lot of responsibility, practically no matter who I'm with. Even for
an interview to go well. ... I am very polite and well-mannered. Pretty shy
of conflict, actually. ... Deep down I don't like my polite side."
[Interviewer: "Doesn't it bother you to disparage people?"]
Von Trier: "Not in the least. I'm practically psychopathic that way. And
it's become a hero role where I think I do it on behalf of what I believe to be just."
Von Trier: "[Hitler]'s not what you would call a good guy,
but I understand much about him, and I sympathize with him a little bit."
Unusually for INFJs, von Trier also has Antisocial traits.
Cohen: "I don't consider myself a pessimist at all.
I think of a pessimist as someone who is waiting for it to rain. And I [am already] completely soaked to the skin."
Cohen: "We have to transcend the side we're on and understand that we are creatures of a higher order."
Cohen's notion of humanity is the same as that of Dante: "You were not meant to live as brutes..."
Singer, was married to Dita von Teese, dated
Rose McGowan and Evan Rachel Wood
Manson: "I'm definitely very shy. People believe that artists
are extroverted ... but that is not true in all cases."
Manson: "I have the idealism to start a revolution."
Manson: "The name Marilyn Manson [is about] male and female, beauty and
ugliness [and] the power that we
give to icons like Marilyn Monroe and Charles Manson. ... It's about the
paradox [and] diametrically opposed archetypes."
Harrison: "You can be standing right in front of the truth and not necessarily
see it. People only get it when they’re ready to get it."
Harrison: "If you want to know anything in this life, you just have to knock on the door.
[As] I was lucky to find: It's all within."
Pacino: "You don't want to say the wrong thing. I've seen [people] hurt for years
over something that was unnecessary and didn't have to be said."
Pacino: "I see good and bad in all of us."
Pacino: "My first language was shy. It's only by having been thrust into the limelight that I have
learned to cope with my shyness."
[Asked if he is gentle at heart:]
Pacino: "There are times when I have a temperament. Yes, my temperament is there ... but I hope I'm gentle. Yes,
I think I am."
The Guardian: "[He has] tremendous gravitas [and] he's incredibly polite."
Pacino identifies himself as an introvert.
Actor, dated Salma Hayek
Norton: "[I] project myself into the given
circumstances by using my ... empathic talent ... for understanding how other people express their emotions."
Blanchett: "I think it's a myth that actors are all extroverts. I don't think
that's true. I think something happens in those five seconds before you walk on stage."
Pfeiffer: "I always felt a little like an outsider looking in."
Pfeiffer: "There are participants in life and there are observers, and I've always been an observer."
Pfeiffer: "The more prepared I am, the more I'm able to kind of let go."
Swinton: "I find fascinating the question, 'How do we identify ourselves, and how do we settle
into other people's expectations for our identity?'"
Swinton: "I think people do what they can. Everyone's doing their best [in life]."
Swinton: "[My character] Gabriel's rationale [is] essentially, 'My job is to get as many souls as possible to heaven,
and I have noticed that you are at your most spiritually open when the place is in flames, so I'm going to torch the joint.'
It's a beautiful piece of reasoning."
Brody: "I've spent a lifetime understanding and connecting to emotions - not only my own, but [those of]
Brody: "I [enjoy] creating illusions and pulling the wool over people's eyes."
Brody: "[Acting] is definitely the closest thing to a real spiritual experience that I can describe.
It's like I connect to the emotional state of another being that's other than my own and that is very freeing."
Mara: "I'm kind of obsessive and a perfectionist."
Mara: "I'm someone who overthinks everything and really needs to investigate every part of something before I'm ready to do it."
Mara: "It's easy to let people walk all over you ... because you don't want to be difficult."
Mara identifies herself as an introvert.
Mulligan: "Most of [my characters] have been emotionally articulate."
[Asked if she was a rebellious teenager:]
Mulligan: "I was quite straight-laced [and] academic."
Time Magazine: "[She has] a warm gaze with laser intensity."
The Guardian: "[She is a] watchful Miss Marple in the guise of a limpid ingenue."
Actor and director
Radnor: "Obsessive worry and guilt are universal feelings."
Radnor: "The people in [my] movie have legitimate problems, and they learn to
shift their perspective and find grace in the middle of those problems."
Radnor: "I accidentally read [a] book [Alicia
Silverstone] gave me ... and that turned me into a vegetarian for about two years."
Brown: "Each of us is leading a difficult life, and when we meet people we are seeing
only a tiny part of the thinnest veneer of their complex, troubled existences."
Brown: "To practise anything other than kindness towards [others], to treat them in any
way save generously, is to quietly deny their humanity."
Brown: "I have retained a belief that it is the popular sporty kids at school who grow
up to have the least interesting lives, and the unhappy young souls who develop into the most extraordinary
adults. ... Hold on, misfits, your day will come."
Brown's understanding of the suffering of others is the same as that of Plato:
"Be kind, for everyone you meet is fighting a hard battle."
Pick-up artist and magician, mentor of Neil Strauss
Mystery: "When I was younger, I was actually an extremely shy person."
Mystery: "The more prepared I [am], the less fear I [have]."
Mystery: "Wouldn't it be nice to have someone in your corner that would remove the weight of the world from your
[Interviewer: "When you start looking at women as 'targets', do you lose any intellectual respect?"]
Mystery: "Do you know what [the women in my life] would do if I talked like that,
if I thought like that? They'd kick my ass!"
Jimmy Kimmel: "He is a sexual Yoda."
Adorno: "The individual is not flatly for himself. In himself, he is his otherness and linked with others."
Adorno: "The negation of suffering ... can be realized only in solidarity."
Adorno: "Even in the conception of rational knowledge, devoid of all affinity, there survives a
groping for that concordance which the magical delusion used to place beyond doubt."
Bourdieu: "[I question] the notion that men are more 'aggressive' or that women are more 'timid.'"
Bourdieu: "Some forms of [male] 'courage' ... spring, paradoxically, from the
fear of losing the respect or admiration of the group, of 'losing face' in front of one's 'mates.'"
Bourdieu: "What is called [male] 'courage' is often rooted in a kind of cowardice. ...
Manliness [is] fear of the female [in] oneself."
Bourdieu: "Wittgenstein is probably the philosopher who has
helped me most at moments of difficulty. He's a kind of savior for times of great intellectual distress."
Plotinus: "Everyone has all things in himself and again sees in another all things, so that all
things are everywhere and all is all and the splendor is everywhere."
Plotinus: "We possess Beauty when we are true to our own being; knowing ourselves, we are beautiful; in
self-ignorance, we are ugly."
Edward Gibbon: "[Plotinus' metaphysics] attempted to explore
the secrets of the invisible world, and struggled to reconcile Aristotle
Simon Morrell: "What Plato started culminated in Plotinus."
Epictetus: "[Do not get too attached to life] for it is like a sailor's leave on
the shore and at any time, the captain may sound the horn, calling you back to eternal darkness."
Epictetus: "Do not seek to have events happen as you want them to, but instead want
them to happen as they do happen, and you will live well."
Bertrand Russell: "It is remarkable that
Epictetus and Marcus Aurelius are completely at one on all philosophical questions."
Albert Ellis [inventor of Cognitive Therapy:] "My principles of therapy simply follow Epictetus."
Philosopher, mentor of W. V. Quine
Whitehead: "The universe is ... attaining the active self-expression of its
own variety of opposites ... of its own multiplicity and its own unity, of
its own imperfection and its own perfection. All the opposites are ... there ... what cannot be, yet is."
Whitehead: "The safest general characterization of
the European philosophical tradition is that it consists of a series of footnotes to Plato."
Whitehead: "The writings of Plato are an inexhaustible mine of suggestion."
Grayling: "I've always wanted to ... make a difference, if possible, by taking part in the
great conversation that humanity has with itself."
Philosopher and spiritual teacher
Krishnamurti: "We are concerned, earnestly, seriously, with what the human
mind has become, what humanity is facing."
Krishnamurti: "It is astonishingly beautiful and interesting, how thought is
absent when you have an insight. ... It is only when the mind is not operating mechanically in the
structure of thought that you have an insight."
Psychologist and author of 'Love's Executioner'
Yalom: "We enter this world alone, die alone and in between we all have to face the prospect of inevitable death."
Yalom: "Life as a therapist is a life of service in which we
daily transcend our personal wishes and turn our gaze toward the needs and
growth of the other."
Yalom: "I intuit [other people's] pain ... and feel not
judgment but compassion and, above all, connectedness."
Yalom: "Jung was a smart cookie, but not as smart as Freud."
U.S. First Lady, married to Franklin D. Roosevelt
Roosevelt: "[I count myself among] those of us who like to study people."
Roosevelt: "In fiction-writing the author can tell the truth without hurting anyone. ... He can reveal what
he has observed of the inner workings of the souls of men."
Roosevelt: "What affects an individual affects mankind."
Roosevelt: "The most important thing in any relationship is not what you get but what you give."
Keirsey & son identify Roosevelt as INFJ.
Author of crime novels
Christie: "[Nursing is] one of the most rewarding professions that anyone can follow."
Christie: "A woman who doesn't lie is a woman without imagination and without sympathy."
Christie: "I do hate this differentiation between
the sexes. ... Some girls are businesslike and some aren't.
Some men are sentimental and muddle-headed, others are clear-headed and logical.
There are just different types."
Nurse and author
Nightingale: "[The world is] divided into two classes - those who take the best of
what there is and enjoy it - those who wish for something better and try to create it."
Nightingale: "Women ... have accustomed themselves to consider intellectual occupation as a merely
selfish amusement, which it is their 'duty' to give up for every trifler more selfish than themselves."
Nightingale's notion of women is the same as that of Simone de Beauvoir:
"It is the fate of women always to be secondary..."
Author of 'Under the Net'
Murdoch: "The idea of a self-contained unity or limited whole is a fundamental instinctive concept.
We see parts of things, we intuit whole things. We seem to know a great deal on the basis of very little."
Murdoch: "Most great writers have a sort of calm merciful vision [and] a tolerance, generosity and intelligent kindness."
Murdoch: "Morality is loss of egoism."
Murdoch: "Plato is our best philosopher."
Plutarch: "Silence at the proper moment is wisdom, and better than any speech."
Plutarch: "Do not provoke an angry person, but yield to [him]. ... When two are talking, and one of them is emotional,
the wisest is the one who first gives way."
Plutarch: "[People think] that if they could live in big houses and have ... a lot of money, they would be happy. But
a happy and cheerful life comes not from the outside."
Plutarch: "[Epicurus says that] mankind ... does not love except for reasons of personal advantage. . ... It would be disgraceful [if relationships] should be
merely mercenary transactions!"
Strauss: "The silence of a wise man is always meaningful."
Strauss: "By becoming aware of the dignity of the mind, we realize the true ground of the dignity
of man and therewith the goodness of the world."
Strauss: "When I was sixteen ... I formed the plan, or the wish, to spend my life reading
Plato ... while earning my livelihood as a rural postmaster."
[His daughter:] "My father saw reading not as a passive exercise but as taking part in
an active dialogue with the great minds of the past. One had to read with great care, great respect, and try,
as he always said, to 'understand the author as he understood himself.'"
Secretary-General of the U.N.
Annan: "After the horror of 11 September, we see better, and we see further [and] we will
realize that humanity is indivisible [and we will gain] a deeper awareness of the bonds that bind us all."
Kevin Chappell: "Annan [is] perhaps the most soft-spoken of the secretary-generals ... and
has a calm [that] comes across as complete confidence."
Psychologist, student of Jung
Hillman: "One says
different things to different people according to the values of the situation and according to the requirements
of the other person."
Hillman: "[One's] answers to questions may not be either truthful or correct
in the logical sense, but from the point of view of feeling they may be exactly right."
Hillman: "To hit the mark truly does not mean always to tell the factual or logical truth."
Hillman: "It is crucial to the understanding of Jungian psychology
that feeling be brought
to bear upon it. We cannot read Jung by intellect alone."
Hillman identifies himself as NT.
Author of 'The Introvert Advantage'
Laney: "Facilitating individual growth and development to help others live more satisfying lives felt
like a gratifying life purpose to me."
Laney: "One little trait that most introverts have is getting to be a little stubborn. That's how we ... react."
Blogger at Ask a Manager
Green: "Spotting someone relatively inexperienced but smart, driven, and
generally awesome, and helping them along in their career [is] one of the most rewarding things about managing."
Green: "[My two alternate dream careers are] nurse and detective. ... Nurse, because
I love taking care of sick people. ... And detective, because ... I am like a human lie detector."
Green identifies herself as INFJ.
Philosopher, mentor of Peter Thiel
Girard: "History, you might say, is a test for mankind. But we know very well that mankind
is failing that test."
Girard: "[In the apocalyptic texts it's] 'man will fight man.' City against city. It's
always symmetrical. ... You realize that they are really one."
Peter Thiel: "I suspect that when the history of the 21st
century is written circa 2100, [Girard] will be seen as one of the great intellectuals."
- Holistic visionaries, oriented towards contemplation
- Amongst the types with the highest average IQ
- Strongly linked to the Dependent personality
- Somewhat linked to the Depressive and Narcissistic personalities
- More common in women than in men
- Repress their Extroverted Sensing function, meaning they may forgo living life to its fullest
- The difference between INFP and INFJ
More About INFJs
While demographical data on Jungian type is unreliable, the following figures are commonly accepted as
The rarest type amongst men
The rarest type overall