Martin Luther King, Jr.
U.S. civil rights activist
King: "[Let us create a] society that will help men rise from the
dark depths of prejudice and racism to the majestic heights of understanding and brotherhood."
King: "The ultimate measure of a man is not where he stands in moments of comfort
and convenience, but where he stands at times of challenge and controversy."
King: "The time is always right to do what is right."
King: "We are caught in an inescapable network of mutuality, tied in a single garment of
destiny. Whatever affects one directly, affects all indirectly."
Rosa Parks: "[King] was the type of person that people really
gravitated towards and they seemed to like him personally, as well as his leadership."
President of South Africa and civil rights activist
Mandela: "Let it never be said by future generations that indifference,
cynicism or selfishness made us fail to live up to [our] ideals."
Mandela: "Let the strivings of us all prove Martin
Luther King Jr. ... correct, when he said that humanity can no
longer be tragically bound to the starless midnight of racism."
Mandela: "[Let] us all [struggle to] prove that ... genuine brotherhood
and peace [is] more precious than diamonds or silver or gold."
Mandela: "During my lifetime I have dedicated myself to [the]
struggle [for a] society in which all persons will live together in harmony."
Mandela: "Yasser Arafat was one of the outstanding freedom
fighters of this generation."
John Paul II
John Paul II: "I hope to have communion with the people, that is the most important thing."
John Paul II: "Science develops best when its concepts and conclusions are integrated into
the broader human culture and its concerns for ultimate meaning and value."
John Paul II: "Scientists [should also devote themselves to the] issues dealt with by ... theologians.
By [doing so] they can help others realize more fully the human potentialities of their discoveries."
John Paul II: "Science can purify religion from error and superstition. Religion
can purify science from idolatry and false absolutes. Each can draw the
other into a wider world, a world in which both can flourish."
Keirsey & son identify John Paul II as ENFJ.
Johann von Goethe
Author and multi-field genius, mentor of Schiller
Goethe: "It [is] natural to me to empathize with the condition of others [and to] sympathize with
it with pleasure."
Goethe: "If we treat people as they are, we make them worse. If we treat people
as they ought to be, we help them become what they are capable of becoming."
[On why he broke with Schopenhauer:]
Goethe: "We discussed a good many things in agreement; eventually, however, a certain separation proved unavoidable,
as when two friends, having walked so far, shake hands, one wanting to go north and the other south, and very soon lose
sight of one another."
[On seeing the Nazis rise to power:]
Sigmund Freud: "Ah well - a nation that produced Goethe can't be all bad."
U.S. President (R)
Reagan: "You and I are told increasingly that we have to choose between a left or right,
but ... there is no such thing. ... There is only an up or down - up to a man's age-old dream, the ultimate
in individual freedom consistent with law and order - or down to the ant heap totalitarianism."
Kelley L. Ross:
"Reagan could ... articulate the simple truths he believed, and a hostile press, mortified that he could speak right
through their filter [and directly to the] people, grudgingly began to call him the 'Great Communicator.'"
Steven J. Rubenzer: "Despite his friendly exterior, Reagan was 'emotionally shy' [and]
used his charm to keep people at a distance."
Head of State of the Soviet Union
Gorbachev: "Peace means an ascent ... to cooperation and common
creativity among nations. ... Never before has the idea that peace is indivisible been so true as it is now."
Gorbachev: "I am one of those people whom nature has given ... 'leadership
qualities.' ... My friends [always] trusted me."
Gorbachev: "[We must] think and act in life [so as] to rouse people to ... have faith in themselves."
Gorbachev: "Idealists make the world go 'round, since everything starts with ideas. Yes,
ideas! Everything comes from them and everything begins there."
Richard Reeves: "[When Gorbachev entered the world stage, newspaper] editors agreed that the
rhetorician was charming and laughed easily, like Reagan."
Keirsey & son identify Gorbachev as ENFJ.
President of the Czech Republic and playwright
Havel: "[We should all] desire to contribute to the happiness of the community."
Havel: "It would not be sensible always to say everything bluntly. ... What is needed [is]
tact, instinct and good taste."
Havel: "The truth is not simply what you think it is; it is also the circumstances in which it is said,
and to whom, why, and how it is said."
Havel: "The most important thing is not to lose sight of personal relationships."
Hillary Clinton: "[Havel was] eloquent ... and utterly charming. I
found him enormously compelling."
Erasmus of Rotterdam
Erasmus: "The truth is often lost while quarreling and is discovered with greater certainty without it."
Dirk H. Kelder: "[Erasmus sought] to reconcile all viewpoints. He detested war and violence of any sort ...
owing to his sensitive disposition."
Gary Remer: "Like Cicero, Erasmus [believes] that truth is
furthered by a more harmonious relationship between interlocutors."
Charles Cortright: "Erasmus' mode of dealing with ... controversy [was that] he would defend
the man, but not judge his cause."
Greek statesman - "First Citizen of Athens," adoptive father of Alcibiades
Pericles: "What you leave behind is not what is engraved
in stone monuments, but what is woven into the lives of others."
Pericles: "We do not say that a man who takes no interest in [others] is a man who minds his
own business: We say that he has no business here at all."
Pericles: "A man who has the knowledge but lacks the power to express it clearly is no better
off than if he never had any ideas at all."
Friedrich Nietzsche: "Pericles, through persuasion, [could] always sway
the onlookers to his course."
Cicero: "There is nothing in which I habitually find greater
satisfaction than in the consciousness of serving my friends."
Cicero: "We are not born for ourselves alone."
Cicero: "A friend is a second self."
sensitivity of disposition [is the sign] of a good heart."
Cicero: "In anger nothing judicious can be done."
Cicero: "They say that if God spoke Greek, he would speak like Plato."
Plutarch: "He had the name of being not only the best orator, but also the best poet of Rome."
U.S. Vice President (D) to Barack Obama
Biden: "[A fundamental] part of being a public servant [is] absorbing the anger of people who don't know where to turn."
Biden: "I have found that [with] most people, candor generates trust. ... [This approach] has always worked for me."
Biden: "[Obama and I] kind of balance each other. ... [I am someone who will] hug
[and] touch [people] ... whereas he is not emotive that way. That's why we make such a good team."
Bob Woodward: "Around the White House, Biden was known as 'the [Republican] whisperer': The
person who knew the right combination of sympathy and gentleness - never force - needed to work with the minority."
U.K. Prime Minister
Blair: "[With Africa] I fear the judgment of future generations. ...
I feel that judgment of the future alongside the now. It gives me urgency. It fills me with determination."
Blair: "Both Princess Diana and I were, in our ways, manipulative people, perceiving
quickly the emotions of others and able instinctively to play with them, all in the cause, of course, of the greater good."
Blair: "[Gordon Brown is] a strange guy. Political calculation yes. Political feelings, no.
Analytical intelligence, absolutely. Emotional intelligence, zero."
Blair's awareness of the judgment of future generations is the same as that of Mandela
Buddhist monk and author of 'Happiness'
Ricard: "The point [of my work] is to ... make [you] more peaceful, more altruistic,
and more emotionally balanced."
[Asked why he gave up his career in in molecular genetics:]
Ricard: "Science, however interesting, wasn't enough to give meaning to my life. ... I came to see
research ... as an endless dispersion into detail."
Ricard: "[In my work] I was inspired through my readings of great figures like Martin Luther
King Jr. and Mohandas Gandhi, who by the sheer strength of their human qualities were able
to inspire others to change their way of being."
Science popularizer and author of 'Emotional Intelligence'
Goleman: "In a very real sense we have two minds, one that thinks and one that feels."
Goleman: "Knowing something is right 'in your heart' is a different order of conviction - a
deeper kind of certainty - than thinking so with your rational mind."
Goleman: "[Intelligent people have a] sensitivity to others' concerns and the ability
to act on that knowledge."
Goleman: "[People should] show each other that they are [listening] since feeling
heard is ... exactly what the aggrieved [person] really is after."
Goleman: "Empathy [is] hearing the feelings behind what is being said."
Psychologist, student of Freud
Adler: "Meanings are not determined by situations, but we determine ourselves by the meanings we give to situations."
Adler: "What the world chiefly wants ... is community feeling."
Adler: "It is [out of my] feeling of solidarity with others that my understanding of the
need for [human] cooperation arose."
Edward Hoffman: "Adler [was] outgoing, buoyant and tactful. When potential arguments
arose ... he strove to avoid confrontation and instead diplomatically sought to defuse tensions."
Psychologist and author of
'The Art of Loving'
Fromm: "All men are in need of help and depend on one another. Human
solidarity is the necessary condition for the unfolding of any one individual."
Fromm: "Immature love says: 'I love you because I need you.' Mature love says:
'I need you because I love you.'"
Irvin D. Yalom: "When teaching students about empathy, Erich Fromm often
cited Terence's statement from 2000 years ago: 'I am human and let nothing human be alien to me.'"
Fromm's notion of mutuality is the same as that of Martin
Luther King: "We are caught in an inescapable network of mutuality..."
Neil deGrasse Tyson
Astrophysicist and science popularizer
Tyson: "[We should] not only teach people what science is and what it does, but also why it should
mean something to them, and why it matters to society and everything that we hold dear."
Tyson: "When [scientists do something like going] to the moon, everybody knows about it. And
everybody becomes a participant in some way. [If not as] an actual
participant [then as] an emotional participant, because they embrace the idea."
Tyson: "[By promoting science] you stimulate an entire generation of people [to make] innovations
[that will transform] the world and [that will make] tomorrow come."
Moore: "I knew that [those who predicted that no one would see my films] would be wrong
because ... I have a sense of where people are in the country."
Moore: "[I have] a strong moral sense of social responsibility."
Moore: "What's great about [films] is the communal experience of sitting in the dark with
strangers and viewing something that's going to engage us."
Chairman of the PLO
Arafat: "We shall discover ourselves in peace more than we have with war and confrontation."
Arafat: "Heartbeat by heartbeat, hand by hand, we will build a new era."
Arafat: "We need to forge a human conscience that is more sensitive and responsible in assessing the
efforts of man and the policies of nations."
New York Times: "[His] crackdowns [on political rivals] invariably gave way to deals, pledges of
forgiveness and rounds of kisses."
International Institute for Counter-Terrorism: "He has a natural dramatic ability. ... With great skill, he adapts his
style of speech and his message to his target audience."
Minister of Propaganda in Nazi Germany
Goebbels: "To be a [national] socialist means to let the ego serve the neighbor, to sacrifice the self for the whole.
In its deepest sense, socialism equals service. The individual refrains and the commonwealth commands."
Adolf Hitler: "Goebbels is the one [of the senior Nazis] who is the
most like me as a human being."
Theodore Abel: "[Listening to his speech] I felt as though he was addressing me personally. My heart
grew light, something in my breast arose. It was as if something within me was being rebuilt."
Toby Thacker: "[Goebbels'] favorite writers were Goethe and
Talk show host
Oprah: "You create your own reality by the way you think and therefore act. You cannot
blame ... your circumstances, because you are not your circumstances. You are your possibilities."
Oprah: "I am happiest when I feel that people are getting something [from me],
learning something, enhancing themselves in a way that they never thought of before."
Oprah: "[My fame] isn't about me. I am the messenger to
deliver the message of redemption, of hope, of forgiveness, of gratitude, of evolving people to the best of themselves."
Keirsey & son identify Oprah as ENFJ.
The British Association for Psychological Type identifies Oprah as ENFP.
Oprah's notion of personal agency is the same as that of Alfred Adler: "Meanings
are not determined by situations..."
Talk show host
Rose: "[In my work] I wanted viewers to feel like they were eavesdropping on [an intimate]
conversation each night."
Rose: "It would be wonderful to become what Oprah has become: She is in such a
class of her own. [Like her] I would love to show that television can have soul, depth and range."
Hank Paulson: "He can lure you [in] - hard questions in a soft way."
Financial Times: [He is a] master at charming his subjects into revealing interesting pieces of information."
Freeman: "There is no black history. Black history is American history. ...
Dr. Martin Luther King is not a black hero. He is an American hero. The world needs
his message today more than ever before."
Wilson Morales: "Many of [his] roles carry a natural wisdom or gravitas."
New York Times: "Morgan Freeman has been cast as God - twice. ... He evidently has no trouble
projecting moral authority."
Singer (U2) and humanitarian activist
Bono: "It's an amazing thing to think that ours is the first generation in history that
really can end extreme poverty [but] we let our own pathetic excuses ... justify [us]. We have
the ... wealth. What we don't have is the will, and that's not a reason that history will accept."
Bono: "I'm not sure I can be as honest in my life as
I can be in my music, because with manners comes insincerity. ... Truth is sometimes difficult."
Paul Du Noyer: "[He is] charm itself. ... He greets you with a warmth you could dry damp clothes against."
Rolling Stone: "Bono gives us a vision of how tomorrow can be better than today. He appeals to something
greater than ourselves. ... He speaks about faith in a way that even a non-believer can embrace."
Witherspoon: "I've worked so hard to create characters that have dignity. And I think everybody
knows that I have a very pro-woman message in my work - and in my life."
Witherspoon: "I get hugged a lot [by fans]. Which is fun. ... I like people. And at the end of the
day, we're all just people. ... Nobody's life experience is all that much different than anyone else's."
Marie Claire Magazine: "She can radiate such warmth, charm, and humor ... and yet still maintain her mystique."
Winslet: "My feeling about why I like making films is you can come away from a film feeling
so changed and touched. I really love that, the thought that I could be giving people a lot."
Winslet: "I always try and give as much as I can, rather than get as much as I can."
Winslet: "I love that people feel they can approach me."
Anne Hathaway: "I love [Kate Winslet] so much. ... [Watching her I]
realize how great she is and how far I have to go."
Helena Bonham Carter
Actress, married to Tim Burton
Carter: "I enjoy those small chats you have when people come up and talk to you about your work.
It only involves a few seconds of effort to be nice to those people, and I am very grateful for the kind words."
Carter: "[When people] think they've got you sussed [that's] actually a very good
position to be in. They think they have got you sussed, but you've got plenty of room to maneuver."
Carter: "I grew very frustrated with the perception that I'm this shy, retiring,
inhibited aristocratic creature when I'm absolutely not. ... I think I'm much more outgoing and exuberant than my image."
Carter identifies herself as an introvert.
Lawson: "It's always struck me how we express what we feel about each
other through food. Food obviously plays a very big part in many world religions. I think even
the most prosaic or fact-led person can't help but feel aware of the symbolic value of food."
Lawson: "I think of myself as a very open person, but I'm also quite self-protective."
Lawrence: "I'm incredibly stubborn ... but I am very maternal too."
Lawrence: "To [others my acting] looks emotionally straining, but I don't get emotionally
drained, because I don't invest any of my real emotions."
Lawrence: "I always know when I'm being lied to. ... It's okay to lie sometimes and to exaggerate,
but I always know when people are doing it."
New York Magazine: "[She] manages to exude a best-friend vibe even at a ... press conference ...
with all eyes on [her]."
Fanning: "The greatest trait in a person is to put other people before yourself."
Fanning: "My job is all about getting inside another person's mind and thoughts."
Fanning: "I like everything perfect. Everything has to be neat. My sister is ... more messy than I am."
Brittany Murphy: "Dakota is a ray of sunshine and obviously wise beyond her years. ... She is so
intuitive of other people."
Fanning's results on a Jungian type test score her as ENFJ.
Actress, dating Andrew Garfield
Stone: "My least favorite type of person is a 'selective asshole' - a person who's
a jerk to some people and nice to other people."
Stone: "You see these actors who've been famous for a long time, and they've grown like this rhino
skin, emotionally. ... They can't relate to people in the same way anymore. ... They can't emote like they used to.
And I never, ever want that to happen to me."
Stone: "[Andrew Garfield is] an incredibly honest guy
[and] a deeply feeling individual."
Cody Delistraty: "It seems no one is immune to her ... charm."
Taylor Swift: "If I could be anyone for a day, I'd be Emma Stone."
[Asked what she liked about a character she played:]
Robb: "She has an understanding of human beings. She can sense their sadness, sense that they need somebody, and
[then be] that person."
Robb: "I hope [people] think about other people and how they can relate to them."
Robb: "You have to be kind to [other people], talk to them and try to be friends."
Zack de la Rocha
(Rage Against the Machine)
De la Rocha: "[When I] participated in [activism I] felt more community based. ... I was
part of a collective voice and not on my own as an artist. Something about that attracted me."
De la Rocha: "Noam Chomsky's books have helped me understand the
nature of globalization and its effect on people and societies throughout the world."
De la Rocha: "I'm speaking toward a deeper sentiment that I feel and I know a lot
of people feel. [It has] to do with redemptive moments that come in the face of some real indignity.
That's the current that I'm trying to tap into."
Michael Moore: "[Offstage he is] the most gentle of souls you
will ever meet. But ... on the stage, a fire erupts that consumes all who listen."
Talk show host
[Asked about the many actors who have started crying during his interviews:]
Lipton: "When you're talking about the thing that is most important to someone, they're liable to feel something strong."
Anthony Hopkins: "James Lipton is the most penetrating and compassionate
interviewer I've ever known."
Michelle Pfeiffer: "James creates such a warm environment that you feel as
though you're among friends."
Physician and talk show host
Dr. Drew: "I want to rescue everyone. ... I'd like everyone to be okay. I'd like to stop the suffering and
discomfort in the world."
Dr. Drew: "The only way to get past ... feelings of powerlessness and insignificance
is by connecting with other people. ...
I advise you to look for opportunities to connect ... and to participate in life."
GQ Magazine: "[In person he is] charismatic ... theatrical, eloquent, and fervent."
- Charming and compelling communicators
- Strongly linked to the Narcissistic personality
- Somewhat linked to the Histrionic and Avoidant personalities
- More common in women than in men
- Repress their Introverted Thinking function, meaning they may be tempted to exaggerate the
truth for effect
Even more ENFJs
- We have over 10 more notable ENFJs as part of our extended content
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