Philosopher and author
Rousseau: "[My] heart [is] at once haughty and tender [and my] character effeminate, yet invincible."
Rousseau: "[When under stress I thought of] the books I had read [and applied] them to myself. I [imagined I was] one of the characters [and soon found myself] in made-up circumstances which were most agreeable to my inclinations."
Rousseau: "Reason is greatly indebted to passion. The human race would long since have ceased to be, had its preservation depended only on reason."
Philosopher and theologian
Kierkegaard: "To pace about, looking to obtain status, looking to attain 'importance' - I can think of nothing more ridiculous."
Kierkegaard: "Whatever you do, never lose your fondness of walking. I walk myself into my daily well-being, and I walk out of all illness. I have walked myself into my best thoughts, and I know of no thought so heavy that one cannot outwalk it."
Alan Sandage: "Physicists, by and large, are Platonists who seek reality in the archetypes behind the scenes. Non-scientists, by and large, are Kierkegaardians for whom the subjectivity of life and thought is more real than scientific models."
Philosopher and author
Camus: "We used to wonder where war lived, what it was that made it so vile. And now we realize that we know where it lives: Inside ourselves."
Camus: "Nobody realizes that some people expend tremendous energy merely to be normal."
Camus: "To be happy, we must not be too concerned with others."
Paul Gallagher: "While Sartre could separate the world of ideas from his personal friendship, Camus ... believed friendship was essential [and] united people together in the struggle for a better world."
Orwell: "I had the lonely child's habit of making up stories and holding conversations with imaginary persons."
Orwell: "From ... the age of five or six, I knew that when I grew up I should be a writer. ... I tried to abandon this idea, but I did so with the consciousness that I was outraging my true nature and that sooner or later I should have to settle down and write books."
Orwell: "What I have most wanted to do ... is to make political writing into an art. My starting point is always a feeling of partisanship, a sense of injustice."
Orwell: "Politically I would describe myself as a 'conservative Trotskist.'"
Keirsey & son identify Orwell as INFP.
Author of 'The Lord of the Rings'
Tolkien: "I [am] a mere individual ... with intense feelings more than ideas."
Tolkien: "It is difficult [for me] to say anything [about my work] without saying too much: the attempt to say a few words opens a floodgate of excitement."
Tolkien: "The most improper job of any man ... is bossing other men. Not one in a million is fit for it, and least of all those who seek the opportunity."
Tolkien: "I often long to work at my nonsense fairy language and don't let myself 'cause though I love it so it does seem such a mad hobby!"
Tolkien: "C.S. Lewis was for long my only audience. Only from him did I ever get the idea that my 'stuff' could be more than a private hobby."
Author of 'The Chronicles of Narnia'
Lewis: "[There is] in me ... a distaste for all that is public, all that belongs to the collective."
Lewis: "[I have] a boorish inaptitude for formality."
Lewis: "[It is ridiculous] to be concerned about being grown up [and] to admire the grown up because it is grown up."
Lewis: "Friendship arises ... when two [people] discover that they have in common some ... interest or taste ...which, till that moment, each believed to be his own unique treasure."
Steven Hart: "When C.S. Lewis got his first look at Tolkien's fiction ... [he reacted] with spontaneous and generous delight."
Woolf: "My own brain is to me the most unaccountable of machinery - always buzzing, humming, soaring roaring diving, and then buried in mud. And why? What's this passion for?"
Woolf: "The art of writing [is] imagining that one is not oneself, but somebody different."
Woolf: "Each has his past shut in him like the leaves of a book known to him by his heart, and his friends can only read the title."
Woolf: "The eyes of others [are] our prisons; their thoughts our cages."
Woolf: "If you do not tell the truth about yourself you cannot tell it about other people."
U.S. Secretary of State (D) and Vietnam war veteran
Kerry: "There's a time ... to be totally in quiet listening mode when somebody else's mind is open to you."
[When asked why he threw his Vietnam war medals into a river:]
Peggy Kerry: "Once you get to know him [he] is really a warm and open and funny human being."
Jonathan Winer: "[No one] can tell him what to do. You can suggest it, and maybe he'll do it and maybe he won't. But he is not going to surrender that personal autonomy that is the core of [his] integrity."
Antoine de Saint-Exupery
Author of 'The Little Prince'
Saint-Exupery: "One sees well only with the heart. What is essential is invisible to the eye."
Saint-Exupery: "If you want to build a ship, don't drum up the men to gather wood, divide the work and give orders. Instead, teach them to yearn for the vast and endless sea."
C.G. Jung: "From his wife I learned [that his preoccupation with] flight was really an act of evasion, an attempt to escape from the world."
A. A. Milne
Author of 'Winnie The Pooh'
Milne: "Even now when I see my name in the paper, I feel that the world is intruding unduly on my privacy. I ought to be anonymous."
Milne: "Sarcasm, directed into the blue in the hope of hitting the person you want, may not be effective, but it does relieve the feelings."
Milne: "There are people who keep thermometers shut up indoors, which is both cruel and unnecessary. When you complain that the library is a little chilly ... they look at the thermometer ... and say, 'Oh no; I don't think so. It's sixty-five.' As if anybody wanted a thermometer to know if a room were cold or not."
Cartoonist famous for 'Calvin & Hobbes'
Watterson: "[Doing everything myself] kept the strip very honest and personal - everything having to do with Calvin and Hobbes expressed my own ideas, my own values, my own way."
Watterson: "I was not prepared for the ... attention [that comes with being famous]. ... Besides disliking the diminishment of privacy and the inhibiting quality of feeling watched. ... I didn't see how I could write honestly without [seclusion]."
Watterson: "Weekends don't count unless you spend them doing something completely pointless."
Author of the 'Harry Potter' series
Rowling: "The wizards represent all that the [normal person] most fears: They are plainly outcasts and comfortable with being so."
Rowling: "Nothing is more unnerving to the truly conventional than the unashamed misfit!"
Rowling: "Unlike any other creature on this planet, humans can ... think themselves into other people's places."
Author of 'The Trial'
Kafka: "You can achieve nothing if you forsake yourself."
Kafka [to his lover:] "In this love you are like a knife, with which I explore myself."
Kafka: "We [humans] are as forlorn as children lost in the woods."
Kafka: "[People are] quite different. What grips me need hardly touch you at all. ... What is innocence in you may be guilt in me. ... What has no consequences for you may be the last nail in my coffin."
Kafka: "[Growing up, my father asserted] that I had no business sense, that I had lofty ideas in my head, and the like."
Kafka: "You do not need to leave your room. ... Simply ... be quiet [and] the world will freely offer itself to you. ... It has no choice."
Edgar Allan Poe
Poet and author
Poe: "They who dream by day are cognizant of many things which escape those who dream only by night."
Poe: "All that we see or seem
Poe: "Science has not yet taught us if madness is or is not the sublimity of the intelligence."
Poe: "With me poetry has not been a purpose, but a passion."
James Oppenheim: "Everything about him suggests introversion, self-immersion, mood, mystery. Everything suggests a man seeking his own soul."
Von Franz identifies Poe as an N type.
Poet and author of 'Paradise Lost'
Milton: "He who reigns within himself and rules passions, desires, and fears is more than a king."
Milton: "Let truth and falsehood grapple. ... Truth is strong."
Milton: "The mind is its own place, and in itself can make a heaven of hell, a hell of heaven."
Poet and printmaker, author of 'The Marriage of Heaven and Hell'
Blake: "A truth that's told with bad intent beats all the lies you can invent."
Blake: "To generalize is to be an idiot. To particularize is the alone distinction of merit - general knowledges are those knowledges that idiots possess."
Blake: "When I tell any truth it is not for the sake of convincing those who do not know it but for the sake of defending those who do."
Blake: "All deities reside in the human breast."
Van der Hoop identifies Blake as IN-J.
Philosopher and theologian
Augustine: "The good man, though a slave, is free; the wicked, though he reigns, is a slave, and not the slave of a single man, but - what is worse - the slave of as many masters as he has vices."
Augustine: "God did not intend that man should have power over his fellow man."
Philip Ball: "Augustine ... did not materialize with a [fixed doctrine] but spent his life struggling towards some kind of personal truth."
Vincent van Gogh
Van Gogh: "Some good must come by clinging to [what is] right."
Van Gogh: "Aren't the wise ones, those who never do anything foolish, even more foolish?"
Van Gogh: "What a mystery life is; and love is a mystery within a mystery."
Van Gogh: "My existence is not without reason! I know that I could be a quite different person! ... There is something inside me, but what can it be?"
Van Gogh: "For my part I know nothing with any certainty, but the sight of the stars makes me dream."
Van Gogh: "My God, how beautiful Shakespeare is. ... His language and method are like a brush trembling with excitement and ecstasy."
Hans Christian Andersen
Andersen: "If you looked down to the bottom of my soul, you would understand fully the source of my longing and - pity me."
Andersen: "Even the open, transparent lake has its unknown depths."
Andersen: "The whole world is a series of miracles, but we're so used to them we call them ordinary things."
Soeren Kierkegaard: "His novels stand in such a physical relationship to his own self that their conception is not so much a production as it is an amputation."
New York Times: "[Throughout his life] he remained an outsider, and it was probably this that enabled him to empathize with many of the losers who appear in his stories."
Shakespeare: "To thine own self be true."
David Hume: "[Shakespeare] hits upon a striking peculiarity of sentiment, adapted uniquely [to each] character ... as if by inspiration."
Vladimir Nabokov: "The verbal poetical texture of Shakespeare is the greatest the world has known."
Homer: "The blade itself incites to violence."
Homer: "Hateful to me ... is that man who hides one thing in his heart and speaks another."
Vishwa Adluri: "Evidently, what fascinates Homer about ... language is not its instrumental precision but its [descriptive] richness."
Aristotle: "For while Homer handles irrationalities, he disguises them behind other good qualities, so as to allow them to exist. ... This is the excellence of Homer's style."
Schiller: "Philologists who use their knowledge to pick Homer apart practice a learned barbarism."
George R.R. Martin
Author of 'A Game of Thrones'
Martin: "In my imagination, I can come up with anything that I want. I can make things very large and very colorful."
Martin: "My own heroes are the dreamers, those ... who tried to make the world a better place. ... Some failed ... but it is the effort that's heroic, as I see it."
Martin: "[The] horrors of human history derive not from orcs and Dark Lords, but from [within] ourselves. We are the monsters, and the heroes too. Each of us has [it] within himself."
Martin: "[Tolkien has] been a huge influence on me."
Ron Pearlman: "No one thinks like this guy. ... [Reading him] you go: ... 'How did that ... ever come into anybody's head?' George's stuff [is] fluid and funky, weird and kinky, but also ... profound [with] weight and import."
INFPs in popular culture
Lennon: "If everyone demanded peace instead of another television set, then there'd be peace."
Lennon: "Either I'm a genius or I'm mad, which is it? ... I can't be mad because nobody's put me away; therefore I'm a genius. ... If there's such a thing as genius - I am one. And if there isn't, I don't care."
Lennon: "Reality leaves a lot to the imagination."
Lennon: "Supposedly [schools] don't want artists. Even in art school, they tried to turn me into a teacher. They try to discourage you from painting."
Lennon: "I was very keen on Lewis Carroll's 'Alice in Wonderland.'"
Lennon: "If you play with the same person all the time ... it comes to a time when you know every move and you have to find somebody else to play with."
Paul McCartney: "We all looked up to John. He was ... very much the leader; he was ... the smartest and all that kind of thing."
Morrison: "When others demand that we become the people they want us to be, they force us to destroy the person we really are. ... The most loving parents and relatives commit this murder with smiles on their faces."
Morrison: "[In society] you trade in your reality for a role. You trade in your senses for an act. You give up your ability to feel and in exchange, put on a mask."
Morrison: "There can't be any large-scale revolution until there's a personal revolution, on an individual level. It's got to happen inside first."
Cobain: "I knew I was different. I thought that I might be gay or something because I couldn't identify with any of the guys at all. None of them liked art or music, they just wanted to fight and get laid."
Cobain: "[My youth] gave me this real hatred for the average American macho male."
Cobain: "I would like to get rid of the homophobes, sexists, and racists in our audience. I know they're out there and it really bothers me."
Cobain: "I just can't believe anyone would start a band just to make the scene and be cool and have chicks. I just can't believe it."
Curtis: "I prefer to think of everyone as an individual."
Curtis: "I like to think that [Joy Division doesn't] belong to any category."
Len Brown: "Tributes paint Curtis as a lost prophet; as [someone] more sensitive, braver, and perhaps closer to God or godlessness than the rest of us; as if he'd held up his cracked mirror to show us how hopeless, meaningless and inhuman our world had become."
Filmmaker, was married to Helena Bonham Carter
Burton: "I have a problem when people say something's real or not real, or normal or abnormal. The meaning of those words for me is very personal and subjective."
Burton: "One person's craziness is another person's reality."
Burton: "I always liked strange characters."
Chloe Grace Moretz: "The thing with him is that he really just focuses on his actors. If the actor says, 'No, I don't feel that's right for the character,' then he takes that so seriously - and not many directors do that in the same way."
Depp: "The characters I've played, that I've responded to, there has been a lost-soul quality to them."
Depp: "If there's any message to my work, it is ... that it's okay to be different."
Depp: "[In my career] I am doing things that are true to me."
Depp: "People say I make strange choices, but they're not strange for me. My sickness is that I'm fascinated by ... what's underneath the surface, by the worlds inside people."
Depp: "The only thing I have a problem with is being labeled."
Ledger: "People always feel compelled to sum you up, to presume that they have you and can describe you. ... There are many stories inside of me ... outside of [that] one flat note."
Ledger: "I take great pride in my soul and the consistency and longevity of my love."
Cage: "[I've always] been in my own world."
Cage: "My imagination was my savior [in my childhood]. I was able to imagine things weren't bad, or I could go in the backyard and transform myself into an astronaut or some [other] character and play for hours."
Cage: "When people tell me I can't do something, I've always been compelled to do it."
(Florence and the Machine)
Welch: "I was always that girl growing up who you could find dancing down supermarket aisles. It's that sense of not feeling inhibited. Dancing in supermarkets is my favorite thing."
Welch: "Love is horrible. ... When you're in love, it's like a sickness. Such madness."
Welch: "[I] always want things to be perfect, magical or exciting. Things can't be that way all the time so I'm constantly disappointed as well."
Bjork: "I am one of the most idiosyncratic people around."
[To an interviewer:]
Amos: "I think you have to know who you are. Get to know the monster that lives in your soul. Dive deep into your soul and explore it."
Trent Reznor: "Tori Amos ... I always respected her work a lot."
Apple: "[I didn't like the fact that representatives from Sony Music wanted to okay my tracks because] then they're in on the songwriting. And if I start doing that, then I'm dead."
Apple's 'dying' from not having final say is the same as that of David Lynch: "I couldn't and wouldn't work in a studio if I didn't have final cut..."
Cocker: "It's ok to grow up, just as long as you don't grow old."
Cocker: "[I've] always been a bit out of touch with reality."
Cocker: "I think I'm getting more male as I'm getting older."
Yorke: "The whole point of creating music for me is to give voice to things that aren't normally given voice to."
Yorke: "The West cannot shake its need to control the rest of the planet in any way it can. They cannot shake off this colonial attitude."
Yorke: "The difference between me and Bono is that he's quite happy to go and flatter people to get what he wants and he's very good at it, but I just can't do it. ... In a way it would help if I could, but I just can't. I admire the fact that Bono can, and can walk away from it smelling of roses."
Morrissey: "Age shouldn't affect you. It's just like the size of your shoes - they don't determine how you live your life!"
Morrissey: "I'm lying in my bed and I think about life and I think about death and neither one particularly appeals to me."
Lynch: "It makes me uncomfortable to talk about meanings. ... Because the meaning is a very personal thing, and the meaning for me is different than the meaning for someone else."
Lynch: "All my movies are about strange worlds that you can't go into unless you build them and film them. That's what's so important about film to me. I just like going into strange worlds."
Lynch: "I couldn't and wouldn't work in a studio if I didn't have final cut. ... How could anyone do that? Absolutely pure suicide. Sadness. Ridiculousness. ... Never in a million years. A person's voice is what's critical."
Lynch: "Spielberg is a very lucky human being, because the things he likes, millions and millions of people like. The things I like, maybe thousands and thousands of people like."
Malick: "What I find patronizing is people ... stacking the deck for [other people], not respecting their integrity, their difference."
Malick: "When people express what is most important to them, it often comes out in cliches. That doesn't make them laughable; it's something tender about them."
Edoardo Nolfo: "Terrence Malick loves innocence and anything that celebrates it."
Daily Telegraph: "He's the J.D. Salinger of the movie business."
Warhol: "I usually accept people on the basis of their self-images, because their self-images have more to do with the way they think than their objective-images do."
Warhol: "'In the future everyone will be famous for fifteen minutes.' I'm bored with that line. I never use it anymore. My new line is, 'In fifteen minutes everybody will be famous.'"
Warhol: "Being alive is so much work. ... Being born is like being kidnapped. And then sold into slavery. People are working every minute. The machinery is always going. Even when you sleep."
Warhol: "I've never met a person I couldn't call a beauty."
Warhol's seeing beauty in everyone is the same as that of Andrew Garfield: "I don't believe anyone is ugly."
Magician, partner of Penn Jillette
Teller: "I live in my own little world ... hoping that every once in while, something really beautiful will gleam out like a penny in the sand. ... That's what I live for."
Teller: "As a kid ... I cared about the dark side of things. I had no interest in comedy, I still don't. That's more Penn's thing."
Teller: "The thing I dislike most in magic is piracy. I know how many years can go into one beautiful idea. And to see somebody simply lift that idea (invariably doing it badly or insincerely) makes my blood boil."
Time Out: "[Penn and Teller] appear utterly incompatible: the tall shouty one who thinks and laughs; the small quiet one who feels and cries."
Louis C.K.: "With movies, [what] I really loved [was] moments and tones and feelings in a scene, and I loved creating those."
Louis C.K.: "I never viewed money as being 'my money,' I always saw it as 'the money.' ... If it pools up around me then it needs to be flushed back out into the system."
Louis C.K.: "There's been a lot of simple vilification of right-wing people. It's really easy to say, ... 'You're anti-this and that, and I hate you.' But to me, it's more interesting to say, 'What is this person like and how do they really think?'"
Louis C.K.: "When I read [that] the foundations of capitalism are shattering, I'm like: 'Maybe we need that. Maybe we need some time where we're walking around with a donkey with pots clanging on the sides.'"
Stephen Deusner: "[He has a] genial stage presence, and a starkly honest style that blends relentless self-deprecation with a genuine sense of wonder at the world."
Law: "I honestly have no interest in celebrity whatsoever. If anything, I always cringe at it because it takes away from what I am."
Law: "I would never know how to sell myself as a sex symbol. That's not how I'm programmed."
Law: "It's a bit of a minefield being 20 because you've got all these aspirations and ideals. Well, I had."
Law: "I've always liked what Thomas More said in 'Utopia': ... Every person is allowed their own lifestyle ... but no one is allowed to stand on a soapbox and tell others that theirs is right. I thought that was brilliant."
Actor, dating Emma Stone
Garfield: "I've always been sensitive and had difficulty containing my feelings."
Garfield: "I don't believe anyone is ugly."
[Asked what he would do if he were not an actor:]
Garfield: "The thing I get out of [acting] is ... inhabiting the world [of] the role. ... If I can keep losing myself - and finding parts of myself ... then that's all I can really ask for."
Time Out: "He's a serious, self-effacing young man more interested in art than adulation."
Actor, dated Kristen Stewart
[Asked if he was ready for his life to change:]
Pattinson: "I have a romantic soul."
Pattinson: "[Kristen Stewart] will decide [what she thinks of] someone a lot quicker [than I will]. ... She's like, 'You're an idiot and I don't want to talk to you,' [whereas] I'm like, 'I'm an idiot too!' So I'll talk to an idiot for days before deciding."
Actress, dating Jesse Eisenberg
Wasikowska: "I definitely identify with [the characters I've played], and I really love them for the certain amount of outsider-ness about them."
[Asked about her hobby of photography:]
Wasikowska: "[I hated drama class] because it felt like ... it was for the loud, outgoing kids. ... But I don't think acting is really about that."
Wasikowska: "[I found Johnny Depp] easy to talk to."
Wasikowska's results on a Jungian type test score her as INFP.
Actress and fashion icon
Sevigny: "I feel like I was always embraced by fashion. Fashion embraces the weirdos."
Sevigny: "I never felt like an insider in Hollywood in any way, shape, or form. ... It's not really my world."
Sevigny: "I attract eccentrics."
The Guardian: "[She is noted for] her quirky looks [and] iconic sense of style."
Olsen: "I would never wish my upbringing on anyone ... but I wouldn't take it back for the world."
Olsen: "[None of the] things [that people say about me] have anything to do with who I [really] am."
Olsen: "I think that creating different environments is an art in itself. ... Thinking of someone like Tim Burton and his films - he has had his own singular vision."
Olsen: "I'm not great at communicating my vision - I think I use fragments instead of full sentences. Or when I try to explain ... [it comes out] wrong."
Jennifer Jason Leigh
Leigh: "[Robert Altman told me that] as a person I disappear in a way. On film, I'm very mysterious, but in life ... I don't put [forth] a lot."
Leigh: "I like to investigate all different kinds of people ... and find out what makes them who they are. [I] try to ... understand [each] person."
Leigh: "I have odd taste - it doesn't appeal to a lot of other people. I just like what I like."
Movieline Magazine: "Leigh has spent her entire career engaged in fearless adventures with disturbed, damaged, or at the very least, strange characters."
Leigh identifies herself as INFP.
Mayer: "It's not really hard to be expository on stage or to be shameless about how I feel ... because that's the way I am in life."
[On dating Jennifer Aniston:]
Mayer: "[I'm] vulnerable and goofy and dopey."
Mayer: "I want to show [women] I'm not like every other guy. Because I hate other men."
Blake Guthrie: "Mayer has a childlike lucidity about him, as if he never outgrew the candor and wonder that comes with being 12 years old."
Spektor: "I've never really felt [a strong] line ... between childhood and adulthood. ... I don't know if I'm missing some big thing that happened to all adults that skipped me. I somehow doubt it."
Spektor: "The world demands ... business ... customer service ... they want your heart. ... Our society asks for the segregation of self."
Spektor: "My work is obviously personal - it's through me, it's my imagination, it's my emotions, I feel very, very connected to it."
The Telegraph: "Spektor's music is in no way 'affected.' She really is like that: funny, friendly, brainy, sincere, scatty and disconcertingly girlish."