Alexander the Great
Greek king and undefeated general, student of Aristotle
[When advised than an enemy fortress would be impossible to capture:]
Alexander: "There is nothing impossible to him who will try."
[When asked to whom his empire should go:]
Alexander: "To the strongest!"
[When he saw his father and some older men writing off a strong horse as 'untrainable'
because it kept bolting:]
Alexander: "What an excellent horse they are losing because they are not bold
enough to manage him. I will ride that horse, or I will pay the price of it."
[When asked how he acquired such a large empire at such a young age:]
Alexander: "I won over enemies by making them friends and then obligated them to me through benefaction."
Alexander: "I have never procrastinated about anything."
"Alexander was impatient and rash."
U.K. Prime Minister and author
Churchill: "You have enemies? Good. That means you've stood up for something, sometime in your life."
Churchill: "Courage is rightly esteemed the first of human qualities."
Churchill: "The youths at the universities ... could
pose you entrapping questions or give baffling answers. We never set much store by them or their affected superiority, remembering that
they were only at their books, while we were commanding men."
[When a voter said that he would rather vote for the Devil than for Churchill:]
Churchill: "I understand. But in case your friend is not running, may I count on your support?"
Bernard Montgomery: "[I told Churchill] that I neither drank nor smoked and was
100 percent fit; he replied ... that he both drank and smoked and was 200 percent fit."
U.S. President (R)
Roosevelt: "[We must face life] with a high and resolute courage. ... Let us rather
run the risk of wearing out than rusting out."
Roosevelt: "It is not the critic who counts, not the man who points out how the strong man
stumbled, or where the doer of deeds could have done better. The credit belongs to the man who is actually
in the arena."
Roosevelt: "[Even] if [the Man of Action] fails, at least [he] fails while daring greatly; so
that his place shall never be with those cold and timid souls who know neither victory or defeat."
Roosevelt: "I have already lived and enjoyed as much life as any nine other men I have known."
Ernst Hanfstaengl: "[Roosevelt] had a vigor and courage, a vitality and
familiarity with all manner of men, with a [direct] style of action and utterance."
Myers identifies Roosevelt as an extrovert.
Keirsey & son identify Roosevelt as ESTP.
The American Psychological Association identifies Roosevelt as an extrovert.
George S. Patton
World War II general
Patton: "A good solution applied with vigor now is better than a perfect
solution applied ten minutes later."
Patton: "Some goddamn fool once said that flanks have got to be secure. ... I don't agree with that. My flanks
are something for the enemy to worry about, not me. Before he finds out where my
flanks are, I'll be cutting the bastard's throat."
[Order from Eisenhower:]
"Bypass [the city of] Trier. It will take four divisions to capture it."
[Reply from Patton:]
"Have taken Trier with two divisions. What do you want me to do? Give it back?"
Patton: "When my troops captured their 200,000th prisoner, I
wanted to take a picture of him. But they said that I couldn't because it would
be humiliation of a prisoner of war to ... show his face. So maybe we will just take
a picture of his ass."
Patton: "If everybody is thinking the same thing, then somebody isn't thinking."
U.S. President (D)
Jackson: "[I] have [often] found myself in difficult and
trying situations, where prompt decision and energetic action were necessary."
[When confronted with the fact that he had spelled the same word in two different ways:]
Jackson: "It is a damn poor mind indeed which can't think of at least two ways to spell any word."
[Friend from his youth:] "He was the most roaring, rolicking, game-cocking ... fellow that ever lived."
Steven J. Rubenzer: "[Jackson was a] forceful man of action who chose his own path. ... He liked to keep
his options open, but he was not indecisive."
Steven J. Rubenzer: "He was active, energetic, and dynamic. ... He was both a man's man and a ladies' man."
Thomas Jefferson: "He is a dangerous man."
Keirsey & son identify Jackson as ESTP.
The American Psychological Association identifies Jackson as an extrovert.
Franklin D. Roosevelt
U.S. President (D), married to Eleanor Roosevelt
Roosevelt: "We need to do things; not to talk about them."
Roosevelt: "The average citizen is a very gullible individual."
Roosevelt: "[I] need something physically active, with constant contact
with all sorts of people in many kinds of places."
Roosevelt: "What, after all, does the country want? It wants ... less
Roosevelt: "[The U.S.A.] must go forward. We cannot stand like an
old lady at the middle of the street crossing without getting hit. ... [We need] courage and
faith in ourselves [and] determination."
Myers identifies Roosevelt as an extrovert.
Keirsey & son identify Roosevelt as ESTP.
The American Psychological Association identifies Roosevelt as an extrovert.
More quotes on Roosevelt
Radical civil rights activist
Malcolm X: "No one can be at
peace unless he has his freedom."
Malcolm X: "I listen closely to the sound of a man's voice
when he's speaking. I can hear sincerity."
Malcolm X: "The more [a] man yelps, the more I know I have struck a nerve."
Malcolm X: "Any time you find someone more
successful than you are ... you know they're doing something that you aren't."
MacArthur: "Rules are mostly made to be broken."
MacArthur: "I had always loved athletics and the spirit of competition moved me to participate
in as many sports as possible."
MacArthur: "[Pacifism does] not insure [a nation] peace or immunity from national
insult. ... Any nation which would keep its self-respect must be prepared to defend itself."
MacArthur: "[Arguing against FDR's military cuts I told
him that when] we lost the next war, and an
American boy, lying in the mud with an enemy bayonet through his belly and an enemy foot on his dying throat, spat out
his last curse, I wanted the name not to be MacArthur, but Roosevelt. ... [From
that time on, FDR] was on our side."
General Menoher: "MacArthur is the bloodiest fighting man in this army. ... At every advance MacArthur ... will go forward with the first line."
Entrepreneur and television personality, father of Ivanka Trump
Trump: "I don't make deals for the money. I have more than enough. I do it to do it."
Trump: "I try to learn from the past, but I plan for the future by focusing exclusively on the
present. That's where the fun is."
Trump: "What separates the winners from the losers is how a person reacts to each new twist of fate."
Trump: "It's tangible, it's solid, it's beautiful. ... I just love real estate."
[On her father's parenting style:]
Ivanka Trump: "[He] would throw us in at the deep end and take great pride
in watching us make it safely to the other side."
Keirsey & son identify Trump as ESTP.
Investment broker and financial commentator
Schiff: "My warnings are based on realism, and the passion I bring to them is the greater because I love my country and
have no higher goal than to see it thrive."
Schiff: "Austrian economics and Keynesian economics don't
have anything to do with each other: Austrian economics is like astronomy and Keynesian economics is like
Debunker of paranormal claims
Randi: "The average person out there doesn't realize how easily they can be
deceived by a clever operator."
[Asked why scientists are susceptible to trickery:]
Randi: "The conjuror or con man is a very good provider of information. He supplies lots of data ... but it's false data. Scientists aren't used to that scenario. An electron
or a galaxy is not capricious, nor deceptive; but a human can be either or both."
Author of 'The Sun Also Rises'
Hemingway: "In order to write about life, you must first live it!"
Hemingway: "Learning to ... live completely in
the very second of the present with no before and no after is the greatest gift [one] can acquire."
Hemingway: "There isn't any symbolism [in my writing]. The sea is the sea. The old man is an old man. ... All the symbolism that people [find] is shit."
Hemingway: "Heaven would be ... two lovely houses in the town; one where I would have my wife and children and be monogamous and love them truly and well and the other
where I would have my nine beautiful mistresses on nine different floors."
Keirsey & son identify Hemingway as ESTP.
Epicurus: "We have been born once and cannot be born a second time. [Don't postpone]
your happiness. Life is wasted by delaying."
Epicurus: "It is pointless for a man to pray to the gods for that which he has the power to obtain by himself."
Epicurus: "[The] nature of the soul makes us endlessly greedy for variations in lifestyle."
Epicurus: "The reason people become friends is to gain advantages."
Epicurus: "Skillful sailors get their reputation from crossing storms and hurricanes."
Epicurus: "There never was such a thing as absolute justice, but only agreements made ... among men."
Stephen R. Covey
Author of 'The 7 Habits of Highly Effective People'
Covey: "Let natural consequences teach responsible behavior."
Covey: "The main thing is to keep the main thing the main thing."
Covey: "People don't do anything until they experience pain. It's too bad the pain of conscience isn't sufficient,
but it isn't. ... It takes the pain of circumstance."
Robert C. Solomon: "Stephen Covey [distinguishes between] the 'Important' and the 'Urgent' ...
pointing out ... that [we are] moved by the urgency rather than the importance of things."
Todd Cherches: "Both Carnegie and Covey's ... principles [have] been
minimized by elitists as being ... 'common sense.' [But] as the saying goes, common sense is not so common."
Author of 'How to Win Friends & Influence People'
Carnegie: "Enthusiasm, backed up by horse sense and persistence, is the
quality that most frequently makes for success."
Carnegie: "I deal with the obvious. I present, reiterate, and glorify the obvious - because the
obvious is what people need to be told."
"You need [Carnegie's book] to succeed in business, as well as in life."
Warren Buffett: "[Carnegie's teachings] changed my life."
[Following an incident where Dick Cheney
accidentally shot a friend:]
Barack Obama: "Dick Cheney ... is very busy working on his
memoirs, tentatively titled, 'How to Shoot Friends and Interrogate People.'"
L. Ron Hubbard
Founder of the Church of Scientology
Hubbard: "The one impulse in man which cannot be erased is his impulse toward freedom."
Hubbard: "Never regret yesterday. Life is in you today, and you make your tomorrow."
Hubbard: "I have lived no cloistered life and hold in contempt the wise man who has not lived."
Hubbard: "If a man wants to make a million dollars, the best way would be to start his own religion."
Lyon Sprague de Camp: "When he wanted ... something from somebody he could put on a good charm act."
George W. Bush
U.S. President (R), son of George H.W. Bush, married to Laura Bush
Bush: "[Drinking] magnified aspects of my personality that probably don't need to be larger than
they are - made me more funny, more charming ... and more irrepressible."
Bush: "[Under my presidency] America will never seek a permission slip."
Condoleezza Rice: "[Bush] has the kind of intellect that
goes straight to the point. You can get a bunch of academics in a room and they can talk for three hours
and never actually get to the point. [He will] challenge [them] to get to the point."
Dan P. McAdams:
"He makes impulsive, bold decisions and never looks back."
Steven J. Rubenzer: "[Comparing] Bush to other presidents, he most closely resembles
Lyndon B. Johnson
U.S. President (D)
Johnson: "Believe in the argument you're advancing. If you don't ... the other person will sense
that something isn't there, and no [amount] of reasoning ... will win your case for you."
Johnson: "[I have no] time for timid souls and trembling spirits."
Johnson: "I've slept with more women by accident than [John F. Kennedy]
has slept with by design."
Robert Novak: "He can be as gentle and solicitous as a nurse, but as ruthless and
deceptive as a riverboat gambler."
Franklin D. Roosevelt: "This boy Lyndon Johnson one day
can wind up being the President of the United States. He's got it." [Upon meeting Johnson in
U.K. Prime Minister
Cameron: "I'm not a deeply ideological person - I'm a practical
person, and pragmatic."
Cameron: "I [believe] in personal freedom and letting people have more control over their own lives."
[Schoolmate:] "If you weren't socially interesting, one of
the in-crowd, he would be very dismissive."
The British Association for Psychological Type identifies Cameron as ISTJ.
Conservative TV host and author
Beck: "If there's one thing that liberals, conservatives, communists, capitalists, vegetarians, teetotalers, pet lovers,
bureaucrats, Republicans, and Democrats can all agree on, it's telling you how you should live your life."
Beck: "[The times] are so serious now that I find myself ... saying things that are sometimes pretty scary, but nobody else is willing to say them."
Beck: "I hardly ever read instruction manuals. I mean, just put everything where it
looks like it goes and call it a day."
Marquis de Sade
Philosopher and author
Sade: "Why complain of your fate when you could so easily change it?"
Sade: "[I have] as a tiny idiosyncrasy ... loving women perhaps a little too much."
Sade: "[This is] my guiding principle: Whenever justice
has been denied me, I respond by taking matters into my own hands."
Sade: "I have ... a strong soul that has never known how to stoop and never will."
Sade: "Tyrants should learn ... not to [choose for victims men like me] whose penetrating
gaze will reach down even unto their most secret thoughts."
"Properly read, Sade is funny. Satirizing Rousseau, point by point, he prefigures the theories
of aggression in Darwin, Nietzsche, and Freud."
Keirsey & son identify Sade as ESTP.
Bret Easton Ellis
Author of 'American Psycho'
Ellis: "My first books were about people who have a lot of money and the freedom that that money brings them."
Ellis: "Over-the-counter meds ... have devastated far more people I have known than pot or cocaine ever did."
Decca Aitkenhead: "He can be clever and engaged and funny and humane - or [he can be] cold to the point
Commander of the air force in Nazi Germany
Goering: "[Peace] treaties, huh? - So much toilet paper!"
Goering: "I am no moralist, but ... my problem with Himmler's
genocide is that [he killed women and children]: I appreciate women, and I think it unsportsmanlike to kill children."
Goering: "Ribbentrop is a stupid ass."
[Hitler: "But after all, he knows quite a lot of important people in England."]
Goering: "Mein Fuehrer, that may be right, but the bad thing is, they also know him!"
Ernst Hanfstaengl: "[Goering] was more entertaining company than anyone else."
Keirsey & son identify Goering as ESTP.
Goering's prison psychologist [Gustave Gilbert] identifies Goering as an extrovert and as having
At the Nuremberg Trials, Goering's IQ was tested to be 138.
More quotes on Goering
Capone: "This American system of ours ... gives to each and every one of us a
great opportunity if we only seize it with both hands and make the most of it."
Capone: "Don't get the idea that I'm one of these goddamn radicals. Don't get the
idea that I'm knocking the American system."
Capone: "All I ever did was sell beer and whiskey to our best people."
Capone: "I'll have to hand it to Napoleon as the
world's greatest racketeer. But I could have wised him up on some things."
Hitchcock: "[I am] challenged by the audience. They're saying to me, '[We] know what's coming
next.' And I say, 'Do you?'"
Hitchcock: "I ... indulge very much in practical jokes, of a very high order. I [derive] great pleasure from it."
Hitchcock: "The films I've made [are] about
ordinary people. ... I've always gone for average man, the ordinary individual,
going through extraordinary experiences. ... Whether I want to or not, I seem to gravitate toward that."
Patrick McGilligan: "He shortened the name for friends and introductions. 'It's Hitch,' he drawled, relishing
the trap about to be sprung, 'without the cock.'"
Actress, married to Brad Pitt
Jolie: "I don't believe in guilt, I believe in living on impulse."
Jolie: "I never felt settled or calm. You can't really commit to life when you feel that."
Jolie: "If you ask people what they've always wanted to do, most people haven't done it."
Jolie: "I am still at heart - and always will be - just a punk kid with tattoos."
Jolie: "I love being alive. And I love feeling free. If I can't have those things then
I feel like a caged animal. ... I'd rather be dead."
Streep: "My success has depended wholly on putting things over on people."
Streep: "You just have to keep on doing what you do. ... Keep going. Start by starting."
Streep: "Instant gratification is not soon enough."
Streep: "It's amazing how much you can get if you ... demand it."
Streep: "Under-preparation ... instills fear, and fear is galvanizing. It makes you break
out of yourself. If you're prepared, then you think you're ready, and if you think you're ready, then you're not ready."
Singer and provocateur
Madonna: "I'm tough, ambitious, and I know exactly what I want. If that makes me a bitch, okay."
Madonna: "Better to live one year as a tiger than a hundred as sheep."
Madonna: "I stand for ... doing what you believe in and going after your dreams."
Madonna: "I pay attention to what's going on around me. I'm always looking for new energy, new talent."
Madonna: "I'm a man inside a woman's body."
Cher: "She is always riding the crest of the wave. She always saw trends way before anyone else."
Keirsey & son identify Madonna as ESTP.
Nicholson: "[I've] been a rogue most of my life."
Nicholson: "Early on, if I was alone two three nights in a row, I'd start
writing poems about suicide."
Spacey: "Many times ... I've made a decision to leave someplace, even though it's a risk, [because] it just
feels right. It's been a real pattern in my life."
Spacey: "I enjoy [switching tracks] because it keeps giving me new stuff to live off and new experiences
and new people to come in contact with."
David Fincher: "Kevin ... understands perception, how to ingratiate. He's also just naughty! ... He just
has that twinkle in his eye!"
Actor and director, married to Jennifer Garner
Affleck: "I [am] nimble and open and dexterous."
Jennifer Garner: "He doesn't have trouble wiggling
his way in anywhere. He is charm personified when he wants to be."
Unusually for ESTPs, Affleck also has Dependent traits.
Host of American Idol
Seacrest: "As opposed to sitting and waiting for something to happen, I love to ... go after it."
[Asked how to become successful:]
Seacrest: "Get [your foot] in the door. ... That's what I did. I worked for free at a radio station. ...
And I remembered everyone's name and what they did and ... worked my way up."
Seacrest: "[Simon Cowell and I] can say anything we want
to each other. ... Anything is open game between he and I."
Actress, dating Ashton Kutcher
Kunis: "I'm not boring to be around. Something will always happen."
Kunis: "When I got into acting, I lied and told the studio that I was 18. ...
Before that, I worked illegally in a souvenir stand."
Kunis: "A lot of [the industry] is lies, smoke and mirrors, and I learned it at
a very young age. ... They're gonna lie to me; I'll lie right back."
Winehouse: "I'm more of a boy than a girl."
Winehouse: "I don't take it personally when people write slurs about me. ... At least I'm making some copy."
Winehouse: "[People] love me because I'm a bigmouth."
Supermodel and actress
Jovovich: "I like to overwhelm myself. I can't live normally if I don't have 10,000 things to do."
Jovovich: "If something doesn't happen the way you want it, you have to try it again until it happens."
Jovovich: "[People find the] scandalous side of me entertaining!"
Editor of Vogue magazine
Wintour: "If a woman feels bad about herself [because she's comparing herself with models], then
there's something more seriously wrong with that woman than the fashion industry."
Barbara Amiel: "She manages ... to be persuasively sexual ... when she dances, which she does with a vengeance and irritatingly well."
[Former assistant:] "Anna's not someone who takes you in hand. It's more she throws
you in the water and you'll either sink or swim."
Forbes: "[She has] gained a reputation for being incredibly intimidating."
Dench: "[I do things that] push me to a kind of dangerous edge. There is something
in me that needs that."
Dench: "I think it is our business to do as many things as we can."
Dench: "I like to do something that's not expected, or predictable."
[Asked why she doesn't read her scripts:]
Dench: "I know [acting] is about
preparation for a lot of people, but I like to feel real fear."
Dench's disdain for preparation is the same as that of Meryl Streep:
"Under-preparation instills fear, and fear is galvanizing..."
Mirren: "Very often I've done the unexpected just to shake things up a bit."
Mirren: "I still have a gypsy
sense of adventure. I don't think I have slept in the same bed for more than three or four months my whole life."
Mirren: "I decided to get a tattoo because it was the most shocking thing I could think of doing."
Mirren: "You are what other people think you are. You can't avoid that."
The Guardian: "As a younger actress ... she had a reputation as an intensely competitive force."
Close: "[Women are criticized when they are] very strong and very direct. ... [Both] men and women like
women who are a little bit more apologetic and feminine, rather than [women like me who] own their position and go for it."
Close: "People look at me and I know what they're thinking: 'Tough, demanding, bitch.'"
Jason Leroy: "She has long been perceived as an intimidating woman."
Decca Aitkenhead: "She is ... in many ways quite like a typical male interviewee."
Camilla Parker Bowles
U.K. royal, married to Prince Charles
[Introducing herself to Prince Charles in 1970:]
Camilla: "My great-grandmother was the mistress of your great-grandfather - so how about it?"
Roger Coverly: "[Growing up, Camilla] was a regular tomboy with an extrovert personality [and] she was the focus of
David Yelland: "She has the [public] image of an old-fashioned person from a distant era. Having met her
I know she's not. She's bright, switched on and tuned in to the modern world."
Daily Mail: "She cannot stand the thought of being ordered to take a more prominent role in public life."
Singer-songwriter, dated Harry Styles
Swift: "I don't live by ... rigid ... rules that make me feel all fenced in. I just live the way that I
feel like, and that makes me feel very free."
Swift: "[Things are] more fun when you have something to prove."
Swift: "I'm intimidated by the fear of being average."
Swift: "It was always my theory that if you want to play in the same ballgame as the boys, you've got to
work as hard as them."
Kellie Pickler: "She's a very competitive girl."
Selena Gomez: "She's so tough! ... Sometimes she'll tell me: 'You
should be a little mean sometimes.'"
The Hollywood Reporter: "She's racked up award after award. And every time [she] looks dumbfounded that she won
an award. ... She should also win an Oscar."
Adult film actress
Grey: "Fuck the system. I subscribe to my own way of operating."
Grey: "I enjoy the challenge of proving people wrong."
Grey: "If I only concentrated on one thing, I would limit myself in life."
Grey: "Many people come to set with a premeditated routine. I enjoy being able to break them out of that
frame of mind, and get an animalistic response out of my partner."
Rolling Stone: "[She has an] uber-alpha attitude."
Rolling Stone: "There are some interesting similarities [between Sasha Grey and
Taylor Swift]: Incredibly precocious for their ages and really ... ambitious."
Adult film actress
Lords: "I'm very determined and ambitious and I know what I want."
Lords: "I think whenever you're unhappy with something, you shouldn't cry about it. ... You should change it."
Lords: "I try to keep people guessing."
Lords: "I believe that hunger - that brutal determination and take-no-prisoners attitude - is
what helped me succeed."
Lords: "I am absolutely relentless in my pursuit of what I want."
[Official website bio:] "Traci Lords [was] making electronic music and spinning records long before
Madonna ever got the idea. Traci was always way ahead of her time."
Adult film actor
Deen: "My name is James. I am a simple guy who likes to eat, sleep and watch tv. Oh yeah, I also bang chicks
for a living."
Deen: "I've always been hypersexual."
Bret Easton Ellis: "I get the humor, the irony, the 'dumbness' ... of how he expresses
himself in his blog or [on] Twitter. So what if he writes about wanting a burrito? What do you want him to be writing about?"
Thicke: "I hate being redundant and predictable."
Thicke: "I always try to get fresh inspiration from wherever I can. [I'm always] trying to mix it
up and get new influences."
Thicke: "I just hate doing the same thing the same way every day."
Thicke: "[When I was young] I always wanted to impress and ... show off."
Thicke: "I'm just trying to enjoy life and not take it so seriously."
Unusually for ESTPs, Thicke also has Dependent traits.
Fox: "I can be really funny and interesting and I can go toe-to-toe with anybody in a conversation."
Fox: "To be outspoken, or different at all, is a problem for women."
Fox: "When you think about it, we actors are kind of prostitutes. We get paid to feign attraction and love."
Fox: "I'm very confident in how I project my personality."
Fox: "My mom says I came out [of the womb] really ballsy."
- Entrepreneurial smooth operators
- Strongly linked to the Antisocial personality
- Somewhat linked to the Narcissistic and Hypomaniac personalities
- More common in men than in women
- Repress their Introverted Intuition function, meaning they may overestimate the
scope of their proposed solutions
- Don't confuse ENTJs with ESTPs
Even more ESTPs
- We have more notable ESTPs as part of our extended content
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