Since the terror attacks of 2001, a debate has persisted over the distinction between Islamists and moderate Muslims, a distinction popularized by the 43rd American president George W. Bush and the former American Secretary of State Hillary Clinton. Though central, this distinction has always been an amorphous and under-researched one, leading some left-wing pundits to claim that radical Muslims are just a tiny minority, ruining the perception of Islam for hundreds of millions of peaceful Muslims, while leaving certain right-wing pundits free to claim that secular, moderate Muslims do not actually exist. This test aims to gauge your conception of Islam by confronting you with commonplace points of contention between Islamists and moderate Muslims.
For each of the following items, indicate your level of agreement.
Your conception of Islam is:
(Also known as: Secular Islam; Liberal Islam; Progressive Islam; Reformist Islam.)
Moderate Islam refers to professed Muslims who have absorbed and accepted a considerable amount of Western political ideas, such as liberalism, gender equality, and human rights. Moderate Muslims deploy these ideas in service of the re-interpretation and reform of traditional Islamic understanding and practice.
While more orthodox variants of Islam have traditionally argued that Islamic scripture must be interpreted literally and applied strictly to all social and political matters of life, moderate Muslims argue that only the overall meaning of the Qur’an was a revelation from Allah, and that more literal readings can be replaced with allegorical and metaphoric ones. Some also argue that the most contentious verses in the Qur'an and Hadith can be set aside or disregarded altogether.
Finally, many also argue that the individual need not rely on scripture or the instruction of Muslim clerics for his or her understanding of Islam, but should allow himself to be guided by his personal sense of right and wrong (fitra), as given to him by Allah.
Some Muslims in this camp insist that the term “moderate Muslim” is misleading, since they do not like to think of their commitment to liberalism as being somehow opposed to their faith in Islam. For this reason, many prefer to refer to themselves as progressive Muslims, reformist Muslims or liberal Muslims. Nevertheless, “moderate Muslim” remains the dominant mainstream term.
(Also known as: Islamic Fundamentalism; Radical Islam; Islamic Extremism; Militant Islam.)
Islamism refers to the interlinked ideas that social and political life should be guided by theocratic Islamic principles; that the Qur’an and Hadiths should be understood literally; and that Sharia should be applied literally and in full. The goal of many Islamists is to establish a Sharia-based Islamic state, though there is considerable disagreement among Islamists themselves about which means should be allowed, and which should be forbidden, in the quest to establish this state. While some Islamists call for violent extremism directed against all who oppose their political aims, others emphasize the importance of a peaceful political process whereby Islamists gradually convert others to their cause and convince them of the superiority of their ways.
However, while Islamists may disagree on the means by which the Islamic state should be established, almost all Islamists agree that Western ideas such as individualism, liberalism, and human rights are incompatible with Islam and must be rejected under Muslim rule.
Certain Muslim as well as non-Muslim writers insist that the ‘Islamist’ term is misleading, since Islamists are not one faction, nor even a single denomination within Islam. Another point of contention is that the label conflates Muslims who merely want their own societies governed in accordance with Sharia with those who are willing to commit terrorist attacks against all governments that do not conform to the Islamic scriptures. However, Islamism remains the dominant term within the debate and there is both academic and political consensus on viewing Islamism as a significant influence on the conception of Islam among Muslim communities all over the world today.
The CT-Islam-ICTI© is the property of CelebrityTypes International. It was directly inspired by the writings of Islamists as well as reformist movements within Islam.
The CT-Islam-ICTI© is the first test of its kind; a test designed to measure the respondent's political, philosophical and theological conception of Islam that many prominent politicians, researchers, and scholars have held to be central to the problems that we see between Islam and the West, as well as between different factions within Islam today.
Although the present test relies strongly of the writings of prominent politicians, researchers, and Muslim theologians, the test should to be taken to be their words, or to constitute definitive teachings on the matter of Islam. Indeed, according to a wealth of Muslim scholars, it is even forbidden in Islam to take partial reproductions of Islamic verses as the definitive expressions, laws, or injunctions of the religion. The statements reproduced here are therefore rendered for polling and testing purposes only. Likewise, they do not represent the views of all Muslims; only of specific factors and movements within the Muslim world.
The authors of this online personality test are certified in the use of multiple personality tests and have worked professionally with politics and personality testing. Though the CT-Islam-ICTI© is professionally-designed, and intended for earnestly measuring the respondent's philosophical, political, and theological conception of Islam, the results are provided "as-is", and should not be construed as providing professional or certified advice of any kind. For more on our online personality, political, and religious tests, please consult our Terms of Service.